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THE ROLE OF PERSONNEL INSTITUTION IN THE
IMPLEMENTATION OF EDUCATIVE DEVELOPMENT AGAINST
FEMALE PRISONERS
Kornelius Yoseph Paga Meka, Setiyono, Indrawati
Malang Merdeka University
E-mail: nelizhgubex14@gmail.com, setiyono@unmer.ac.id,
indrawati@unmer.ac.id
Received: 05
Maret 2021
Revised: 14
Maret 2021
Approved: 15
Maret 2021
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-
ShareAlike 4.0 International
INTRODUCTION
Based on the Decree of the Prison Leadership Body, on April 27, 1964, the
treatment of prisoners with the concept of correctionalization as a criminal objective
decided that to carry out prison sentences in Indonesia is carried out with the correctional
system as the direction of imprisonment and also as a way to guide and train inmates.
(Priyatno, 2006) Changes in the viewpoint of treating prisoners in Indonesia based on the
manifestation of Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution as the basis for the Indonesian
nation's view of life which upholds the human rights of prisoners.
The idea of changing the goal of guiding prisoners from the prison system to the
correctional system aims to treat prisoners in accordance with the correctional system
cited in (Wulandari, 2016) that is not only that society is protected against repeated evil
deeds by the convict but also prisoners who have strayed are protected by providing them
with provisions to live as useful citizens in society. Criminal acts are not acts of revenge
by the state. Repentance cannot be achieved through torture, but only through guidance.
The
Abstract
The change of view in treating prisoners in Indonesia is of course
based on a humanitarian evaluation which is a manifestation of
Pancasila as the basis for a nation's view of life that recognizes the
human rights of prisoners. This research discusses the role of prison
officers in the implementation of educational coaching for female
prisoners in Class IIA Women's Prison. Kebonsari Malang City. The
author uses this type of empirical legal research, which means that
this research describes the facts that occur in the field and knows the
effectiveness of the enactment of positive law in society. The results
of this study the authors found that the role of female prison officers
in the implementation of educational coaching for female prisoners
in Class IIA Kebonsari Women Penitentiary Malang City includes
personality development activities and independence development
activities. Personality development is directed at fostering mental
and character so that prisoners become fully human, pious and
responsible to themselves, their families and society. Development of
personality and independence includes matters related to devotion to
God Almighty, National and State Awareness, Intellectuals, Attitudes
and Behaviors, Physical and Spiritual Health, Legal Awareness,
Reintegration with Society, Work Skills, Work Training and
Production in accordance with Article 3 Government Regulation
Number 31 of 1999.
Keywords:
Correctional Institutions, Roles, Guidance Officer,
Educative, Prisoners
Kornelius Yoseph Paga Meka, Setiyono, Indrawati
The role of personnel institution in the implementation of educative
development against female prisoners 143
convicted person will not be sentenced to torture, but will also be sentenced to lose their
independence. Imposing a crime is not an act of revenge from the state. The state has
taken the prisoner's independence and in time will return the convict to society. (Heliany
& Manurung, 2019)
Penitentiary is an institution formerly known as a prison house, namely a place
where people who have been convicted of certain crimes by a judge must undergo their
punishment. (Suna, 2017) Juridically, the correctional facility is regulated in Law No. 12
of 1955 concerning corrections. In article 1 paragraph (3) of Law Number 12 of 1995
concerning Corrections, hereinafter referred to as Lapas, is a place to carry out the
development of prisoners and correctional students. Inmates of a correctional facility can
be a prisoner or a prisoner or the status of a prisoner, meaning that the person is still in
the trial process and has not been determined by the judge to be guilty or innocent.
According (Lamintang, 2012) the purpose of placing prisoners in a correctional
facility with the intention of correctionalization or re-socializing these prisoners is given
the fact that prisoners who are placed too long in a correctional facility will be more
behaviorally damaged than before the prisoner is put in a correctional facility. In a sense,
this punishment should be the final punishment, if this punishment is seen as the
medicine given to him, it will not worsen the disease itself.(Jufri & Anisariza, 2017)
In the correctional system, prisoners and children have the right to receive
spiritual guidance, stay in touch with their families and other outsiders, obtain
information through print and electronic media, and receive appropriate education. The
implementation of educational coaching includes personality development and
independence development. Personality development is directed at developing thoughts,
being cautious, and responsible for oneself, family, and society. The development of
personality and independence includes matters relating to: Almighty Godhead, national
and national awareness, intellectual, attitudes and behavior, physical and mental health,
legal awareness, reintegration with society, job skills, and work and production training
(in accordance with with Article 3 in (Government Regulation, 1999)
Previously, there were several previous studies that were relevant to this research.
One of them is a research conducted by (Prawira & Suteki, 2017) with the title Discretion
of Class II A Women Prison Officers, Semarang: (Study of Constructivism Paradigm
concerning the Implementation of Law Number 12 Year 1995 Concerning Corrections).
This research shows that the criteria for building patterns are far from ideal, the
overcapacity of prisoners, and the lack of specific laws governing the role of Class II A
Female Prison Officers in the development of pregnant and / or breastfeeding female
prisoners are factors that state that discretion can be done. However, the lack of
knowledge and experience of prison officers regarding discretion and disintegration
among members of the correctional observer team is a major obstacle in fostering
pregnant and / or breastfeeding prisoners.
RESEARCH METHODS
This type of research is empirical legal research because it tries to explore the law
that is conceptualized as an empirical symptom that can be observed in life and to
determine the effectiveness of the enactment of positive law in society. Is the law in
society already running in accordance with the prevailing norms and norms, or is it just a
formality. (Soekanto & Sulistyowati, 2013). In this case, the role of correctional
institution officers is in the implementation of educational guidance for female prisoners
in Class IIA Kebonsari Women's Penitentiary, Malang City. The approach used is
sociological juridical because
Vol 1, No 3, March -, 2021
P-ISSN 2775-3735- e-ISSN 2775-3727
144 http://eduvest.greenvest.co.id
the approach is based on binding norms or regulations, so it is hoped that from this
approach it can be seen how the law, which is empirically a symptom of society, can be
studied as a causal variable that has consequences on various aspects of social life.
There are two kinds of data sources used, namely primary data and secondary
data. Primary data is used to obtain information in the field with the first party.(Arikunto
& Jabar, 2004) Meanwhile, the secondary data is in the form of laws and regulations that
regulate the role of prison officers in the implementation of educational guidance for
female prisoners.
Primary data collection in the field is carried out using interview techniques by
conducting questions and answers to informants (people who provide information)
systematically to obtain information and information or opinions orally from informants
(people who provide information), observation techniques, namely direct observation by
researchers related to activities that occur at the research site by taking notes, taking
photos and recording information obtained in the field, documentation techniques are
used to obtain data and information in the form of books, archives, documents, written
numbers and images in the form of reports and information that can be support research.
After the data is collected, it will be analyzed using a qualitative descriptive method,
which describes the data and information obtained through interviews, observation and
documentation based on quality that is considered relevant to the problem to be
discussed, qualitatively means describing the data in a quality manner in the form of
regular / systematic sentences coherent logically, not overlapping and effective so that it
can facilitate understanding and interpretation of data.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
A. The Role of Prison Officers in the Implementation of Educational Guidance
for Female Prisoners
The role of Class IIA Kebonsari Correctional Institution Officers in Malang City
in providing educational guidance for female prisoners is carried out by the Head of the
Guidance Section for Prisoners / Students and the Head of Work Activities Section
assisted by other officers based on (Law, 1995), (Government Regulation, 1999). The
implementation of educational coaching in the Class II A Penitentiary in Kebonsari,
Malang City has been running and implemented based on the rules and decisions that
govern it and the schedule is made systematically.
According interview with Hamlana BIMKEMASWAT Class IIA Kebonsari
Correctional Institution, Malang City, personality development includes mental and
spiritual development based on the religion held by the prisoner, national and state
awareness development, intellectual capacity building, legal awareness development, and
self-integration with society, health development, arts, and sports development.
Personality development aims to prepare prisoners to have healthy integrity with society,
to become better human beings, responsible and useful for society. Correctional
institutions also provide the rights of prisoners as part of society following applicable
regulations to create a conducive and safe atmosphere.
Personality coaching methods carried out in the Class IIA Kebonsari Correctional
Institution in Malang City are discussion, motivational building, coaching in the form of
direct interaction which is kinship in nature, persuasive and educative coaching. The
correctional institution also works with third parties, namely the private sector or the
government to carry out personality development. The government or private parties in