Vol.1, No. 1, Februari 2021 p-ISSN - e-ISSN

INCREASING ACHIEVEMENT IN SCIENCE LEARNING ABOUT

VARIOUS TYPES OF OBJECTS THROUGH EXPERIMENTAL METHODS

IN CLASS IV STUDENTS OF SDN PONDOK KACANG TIMUR 03

SEMESTER 1 YEAR 2015/2016 Sutinah

SDN Pondok Kacang Timur 03, Tangerang Selatan

E-mail: tina04839@gmail.com

Received:

Abstract

Revised:

In essence, teaching and learning activities are a process of

Approved:

interaction or reciprocity between teachers and students in the

learning unit. Improving science learning achievement about

various forms of objects in fourth grade students at SD Negeri

Pondok Kacang Timur 03 Semester 1 of 2015/2016 through the

experimental method. This research uses Classroom Action

Research (CAR). Based on the results of the discussion of data

analysis that has been carried out in cycle I and cycle II in this

study, it can be concluded as follows: The use of experimental

methods can improve student learning outcomes in science

subjects subject to various forms of objects in class IV semester I

SDN Negeri Pondok Kacang Timur 03 academic year

2015/2016, this is indicated by an increase in learning outcomes,

namely the learning process before the action shows low

learning outcomes, namely students whose scores meet the KKM

as many as 13 students or 37%, students who have not completed

21 students or 61% with the highest score of 90 and the lowest

score was 40. In the first cycle the number of students who

completed 21 students or 61% while those who had not

completed 13 students or 39%. The minimum score is 50 and the

maximum value is 90. In the second cycle there was an increase

in learning outcomes, namely the number of students'

completeness was 32 students or 94%. The minimum score is 70

and the maximum value is 100. There is an increase in the

average score, namely 65 in the pre-cycle to 73 in the first cycle

and increasing to 85 in the second cycle. Thus it can be

concluded that using the experimental method can improve

student learning outcomes in science subjects on the subject of

various forms of objects in class IV semester I SDN Negeri

Pondok Kacang Timur 03 academic year 2015/2016 can

improve learning outcomes.

Keywords: Learning Achievements, Science, Different Types of

Object, Class IV Students

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons

Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International

Introduction

The teacher as one component in the teaching and learning process is a very

important role holder (Idzhar, 2016). The teacher is not just a transmitter of material, but

more than that, the teacher can be said to be the center of learning (Kistian, 2018).

As a regulator and actor in the teaching and learning process (Rijadi, 2015), it is

the teacher who directs how the teaching and learning process is carried out (Suprayitno,

2019). Therefore, the teacher must be able to make teaching more effective (Fakhrurrazi,

2018) and interesting so that the lesson material delivered will make students feel happy

Sutinah 44

Increasing Achievement in Science Learning About Various Types of Objects

Through Experimental Methods in Class IV Students of SDN Pondok Kacang

Timur 03 Semester 1 Year 2015/2016

(Pambudi, Efendi, Novianti, Novitasari, & Ngazizah, 2018) and feel the need to learn the

lesson material (Sulfemi, 2019).

Teachers have a difficult task to achieve the goals of national education (Saat,

2015), namely improving the quality of Indonesian people (Miharja, 2016), whole people

who believe and fear God Almighty (Asmaroini, 2016), have noble character, have

personality, are disciplined, work hard, are tough, responsible, independent, intelligent

(Wahono, 2018) and skilled and physically and mentally healthy (Prasetyo, 2013), must

also be able to grow (Sari, 2017) and deepen a sense of love for the homeland (Untari,

2018), strengthen the spirit of nationalism and a sense of social solidarity (Yunaz, 2019).

In line with that, national education will be able to realize development humans

(Suharyanto, 2013) and build themselves and are responsible for nation building. Ministry

of Education and Culture (Judiani, 2010).

The success of learning objectives is determined by many factors including the

teacher's factor in carrying out the teaching and learning process, because the teacher can

directly influence, foster and improve the intelligence and skills of students. To overcome

the problems above and to achieve the educational goals to the fullest, the teacher's role is

very important and it is hoped that the teacher has a good teaching method/model and is

able to choose the right learning model and in accordance with the concepts of the

subjects to be delivered.

The aim of the research is to increase learning achievement in science about

various forms of objects in the fourth grade students of SD Negeri Pondok Kacang Timur

03 Semester 1 of 2015/2016 through the experimental method. the benefits of research

are to improve understanding of science concepts about various forms of objects with

experimental methods, can provide additional enrichment of teaching methods with the

help of experimental methods so that learning objectives can be achieved properly, can be

used as input for information about one alternative way of learning science to students

with the use of experimental methods.

Research methods

Research place is a place used in conducting research to obtain the desired data.

This research took place in the fourth grade of Pondok Kacang Timur State Elementary

School 03 Academic Year 2015/2016. Research time is the time the research takes place

or when this research is carried out. This research was conducted in October-December

odd semester 2015/2016 academic year. The research subjects were fourth grade students

of Pondok Kacang Timur State Elementary School 03 for the 2015/2016 academic year.

This research uses Classroom Action Research (CAR).

Each cycle includes planning (plan), action (action), observation (observation), and

reflection (reflection). The steps in the next cycle are revised planning, action,

observation, and reflection. Before entering the first cycle, a preliminary action was taken

in the form of problem identification. The data collection techniques used in this study

consisted of 2 techniques, namely observation techniques and test techniques. The data

collection tools used in this study were test questions and observation sheets. The data

analysis techniques used are quantitative and qualitative.

The performance indicator in this study is considered successful if the student's

cycle value of various types of objects has reached the KKM, which is ~ 70. This

classroom action research consists of 2 cycles. Each cycle consists of planning, acting,

monitoring, and reflecting

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Result And Discussion

The State Elementary School of Pondok Kacang Timur 03 State Elementary

School is led by a Principal, the teaching staff of Pondok Kacang Timur 03 State

Elementary School consists of: 1 Principal as the person in charge assisted by teaching

staff consisting of 17 class teachers, 3 Islamic religion teachers, 2 sports teachers , I

English language teacher, 4 school guards, 2 administrative staff, 1 library staff.

The study was conducted at SD Negeri Pondok Kacang Timur 03 class IV with a

total of 34 students. The research time consisted of 2 cycles, each cycle consisting of 1

meeting with an allocation of 2x35 minutes. The initial condition is the student's

condition before the classroom action research is carried out. Based on the results of

observations that have been made in class IV SD Negeri Pondok Kacang Timur 03

academic year 2015/2016 which amounted to 34 students in science learning, it can be

seen that student learning outcomes are still low. This can be seen and the value of the

evaluation results of students in science subjects that have been carried out where most of

the students obtained scores below the Minimum Completeness Criteria (KKM) ~ 70. In

the daily test results before the research was carried out the following values were

obtained:

Table 1. List of Pre-Cycle Evaluation Results

No

No Absen Siswa

Nilai

Ketuntasan

Tuntas

Belum

1

Adelia Putri

40

V

2

Aida Permatasari

50

V

3

Amelia Agustin

70

V

4

Andika Prasetya

70

V

5

Dede Rizki

60

V

6

Delia Mulyani

50

V

7

Desiyana Chairani

70

V

8

Dodi Surrachman

80

V

9

Duan Firdaus

40

V

10

Dwi Iindah Purnama

80

V

11

Gilang Jiliansyah

60

V

12

Hans Muller Linggi

70

V

13

Helsa Muhadi

80

V

14

Imanuel Rizki

80

V

15

Indra Setiawan

70

V

16

Jhonatan Agustinus

80

V

17

Klavera Stari Diwit

90

V

18

Lani Nurafah

90

V

19

M.Indra

80

V

20

M. Latief Abdilah

80

V

21

Nadia Fitri Aulia

70

V

22

Nanda Aulia.A

80

V

23

Puput Sesri

90

V

Sutinah 46

Increasing Achievement in Science Learning About Various Types of Objects

Through Experimental Methods in Class IV Students of SDN Pondok Kacang

Timur 03 Semester 1 Year 2015/2016

24

Ragil Azis

90

V

25

Rama Iswardika

80

V

26

Rega Wulandari

80

V

27

Rifan Ahmad A

70

V

28

M. Khairul Islam

80

V

29

Rizal Firmansyah

90

V

30

Rizkan Febriansyah

90

V

31

Rizqi Saskia.A

70

V

32

Roby Kusuma

80

V

33

Ulya Kusyanti

90

V

34

Vivi Rianti

90

V

Jumlah

1230

Ketuntasan

38%

Tidak tuntas

62%

Thus, the data obtained from student learning outcomes before the research action

is carried out, can be seen in table 2 below:

Table 2. Distribution of Learning Mastery Class IV Student Semester II SD

Negeri Setiadarma 04 Before Action

No

Score

Completeness

Sebelum Tindakan

Jumlah siswa

Presentase

1

~ 70

Not finished yet

13

38%

2

~ 70

Complete

21

62%

Amount

34

100%

Average Value

65

Based on table 2, it is clear that the comparison of students who achieved mastery

learning (KKM = 70) were 13 students (38%) while students who had not achieved

learning completeness were 21 students (62%). The highest value is 90 while the lowest

value is 40. For more details, the value data in table 2 can be made a diagram as shown in

Figure 1.

Figure 1. Distribution Diagram of learning completeness of students in Class IV

Semester 1 SD Negeri Setiadarma 04 2015/2016

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Vol.1, No. 1, Februari 2021 p-ISSN